The United States government owns 63.8% of all the land in Idaho and
manages nearly three-quarters of the Idaho forest.
The rest of Idaho's forestland is divided between public and private
ownership. The State of Idaho and other public agencies own 10% or 2.2 million
acres; forest products companies own 5% or 1.1 million acres; and the remaining
10%, 2.2 million acres, is owned by ranchers, farmers, tribes and other
National forests occupy nearly 40% of Idaho's land mass, more than any
other state. Of the 20.2 million acres of national forests in the state,
over 4 million acres have been designated by Congress as wilderness and
from timber harvest. Another 8.4 million acres are currently
Because government owns so much of the Idaho forest, the
future of Idaho's forest products industry is greatly dependent on timber
from state and federal lands and influenced by forest management polices.
For example, between 1980 and 1995, there was a 60% decline in the amount
of timber harvested on national forest land.