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FOREST MANAGEMENT IS KEY TO HEALTHY HABITAT

Responsible, present-day timber management throughout Washington, Oregon, and Idaho is necessary to protect and enhance upstream salmon habitat.

Healthy, managed forests are less prone to major wildfires that destroy valuable salmon habitat and recreational areas.

Salmon need clean gravel of the right size and depth in which to spawn. They also need pools and shaded areas during water flow fluctuations. Recognizing this, forest managers leave trees along streams to provide shade, bank stability, and future woody debris. Active management of riparian areas is the most effective way to improve salmon habitat. Forest managers work to ensure a mixture of tree species appropriate for each specific site. This helps prevent insect and disease epidemics and accelerated tree mortality. Providing the right conditions reduces the danger of catastrophic wildfire and keeps forests and watersheds healthy.

For years forest managers have recognized that managing the entire ecosystem--soils, plant life, watersheds, wildlife-is critical to improving both forest health and salmon habitat. Foresters employ modem scientific technology to care for the environment and all its resources. They have invested in stream enhancement and watershed restoration projects to help improve fish habitat and streamside areas with active forest management.

While providing wood products for affordable housing and other needs, foresters take special care of Pacific Northwest forests and streams.

Professional foresters work closely with logging specialists, range conservationists, fish and wildlife biologists, and resource analysts. They use careful forest management to ensure clean, healthy habitat for all 'wildlife, including the salmon that return home to spawn.

However, the concept of ecosystem management must be applied locally. Northwest forests contain a wide variety of characteristics requiring individual prescriptions that cannot be centrally planned or dictated in a "one-size-fits-all" manner. Meeting the needs of people is also as vital to the ecosystem as trees, fish, and animals. Producing wood products for society and maintaining stable communities and economies are While providing wood products for affordable valuable to healthy housing and other needs, foresters take special ecosystems care of Pacific Northwest forests and streams.

The continuing loss of salmon populations in the Pacific Northwest is a major concern that we all must face together. The solution is a range of specific measures by every party involved. The burden of recovery must be shared.







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